Research methods in philosophy

Summary— There is set of procedures designed through which one can get into the core of the research are produce results. Research onion helps in systematic study of the methods involved in executing a research to its success. Research onion is used to understand the process of research that is used by the researcher. There are some layers in the research onion which are used in conducting the study for the dissertation or thesis.

Research methods in philosophy

Artistic research[ edit ] The controversial trend of artistic teaching becoming more academics-oriented is leading to artistic research being accepted as the primary mode of enquiry in art as in the case of other disciplines.

As such, it is similar to the social sciences in using qualitative research and intersubjectivity as tools to apply measurement and critical analysis. It is based on artistic practices, methods, and criticality. Through presented documentation, the insights gained shall be placed in a context.

This may be factual, historical, or background research.

Research methods in philosophy

Background research could include, for example, geographical or procedural research. Patricia Leavy addresses eight arts-based research ABR genres: Documentary research Steps in conducting research[ edit ] Research is often conducted using the hourglass model structure of research.

The major steps in conducting research are: Often, a literature review is conducted in a given subject area before a research question is identified.

A gap in the current literature, as identified by a researcher, then engenders a research question. The research question may be parallel to the hypothesis. The hypothesis is the supposition to be tested.

The researcher s collects data to test the hypothesis. The researcher s then analyzes and interprets the data via a variety of statistical methods, engaging in what is known as empirical research. The results of the data analysis in rejecting or failing to reject the null hypothesis are then reported and evaluated.

At the end, the researcher may discuss avenues for further research. However, some researchers advocate for the reverse approach: The reverse approach is justified by the transactional nature of the research endeavor where research inquiry, research questions, research method, relevant research literature, and so on are not fully known until the findings have fully emerged and been interpreted.

Research methods in philosophy

Rudolph Rummel says, " It is only when a range of tests are consistent over many kinds of data, researchers, and methods can one have confidence in the results. Maurice Hilleman is credited with saving more lives than any other scientist of the 20th century.

This process takes three main forms although, as previously discussed, the boundaries between them may be obscure: Exploratory researchwhich helps to identify and define a problem or question.

Constructive researchwhich tests theories and proposes solutions to a problem or question. Empirical researchwhich tests the feasibility of a solution using empirical evidence.

Social Research Methods - Knowledge Base - Philosophy of Research

There are two major types of empirical research design: Researchers choose qualitative or quantitative methods according to the nature of the research topic they want to investigate and the research questions they aim to answer: Qualitative research This involves understanding human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior, by asking a broad question, collecting data in the form of words, images, video etc that is analyzed, and searching for themes.

This type of research aims to investigate a question without attempting to quantifiably measure variables or look to potential relationships between variables. It is viewed as more restrictive in testing hypotheses because it can be expensive and time-consuming and typically limited to a single set of research subjects.

Quantitative research This involves systematic empirical investigation of quantitative properties and phenomena and their relationships, by asking a narrow question and collecting numerical data to analyze it utilizing statistical methods. The quantitative research designs are experimental, correlational, and survey or descriptive.

Quantitative research is linked with the philosophical and theoretical stance of positivism. The quantitative data collection methods rely on random sampling and structured data collection instruments that fit diverse experiences into predetermined response categories.Choosing an appropriate research philosophy is an important part of research methodology.

In fact as Guba & Lincoln, () has propounded, philosophical paradigm within a research holds utmost importance, as it is the “basic belief system or world view that guides the investigation” (p. ). Introduction The research onion was developed by Saunders et al.

().

Intrinsic elements of epistemology

It illustrates the stages that must be covered when developing a. Philosophical method is the study of how to do philosophy. A common view among philosophers is that philosophy is distinguished by the ways that philosophers follow in addressing philosophical questions.

There is not just one method that philosophers use to answer philosophical questions. Qualitative Research Methods from University of Amsterdam.

In this course you will be introduced to the basic ideas behind the qualitative research in social science. You will learn about data collection, description, analysis and interpretation.

Understanding research philosophy | Knowledge Tank

Ways of doing research / Methods used to do research Philosophy Philosophy of Research Methodology Thoughts that form the basis for various ways of doing research Thoughts that justify research methodology Rationale for using certain methods in research.

Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study.. The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, .

Social Research Methods - Knowledge Base - Deduction & Induction