Online examination system abstract

COM Truthfulness There are many terms that address the notion of truthfulness within the context of assessment, treatment and rehabilitation, including denial, problem minimization, misrepresentation, and equivocation. The impact the Truthfulness Scale score has on other scales or test scores is contingent upon the severity of denial, or untruthfulness. Truthfulness Scale conceptualization began, in earnest, with the idea of self-response accuracy. Test users wanted to be sure that respondents' patients, offenders self-report answers were truthful.

Online examination system abstract

The relationship between muscle trigger points TrPs and joint hypomobility is frequently recognized by clinicians. Among different manual therapies aimed at inactivating muscle TrPs, ischemic compression and spinal manipulation have shown moderately strong evidence for immediate pain relief.

Reduction of joint mobility appears related to local muscles innervated from the segment, which suggests that muscle and joint impairments may be indivisible and related disorders in pain patients. Two clinical studies have investigated the relationship between the presence of muscle TrPs and joint hypomobility in patients with neck pain.

Both studies reported that all patients exhibited segmental hypomobility at C3-C4 zygapophyseal joint and TrPs in the upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, or levator scapulae muscles.

Online examination system abstract

There are several theories that have discussed the relationship between TrP and joint hypomobility. First, increased tension of the taut muscular bands associated with a TrP and facilitation of motor activity can maintain displacement stress on the joint.

Alternatively, it may be that the abnormal sensory input from the joint hypomobility may reflexively Online examination system abstract TrPs.

It is also conceivable that TrPs provide a nociceptive barrage to the dorsal horn neurons and facilitate joint hypomobility. There is scientific evidence showing change in muscle sensitivity in muscle TrP after spinal manipulation, which suggests that clinicians should include treatment of joint hypomobility in the management of TrPs.

Nevertheless, the order in which these muscle and joint impairments should be treated is not known and requires further investigation.

Resolve a DOI Name

Maintenance of Correction and Rehabilitation: The acute onset lumbar lateral shift, otherwise known as a list or acute scoliosis, is a common clinical observation associated with low back pain. In general orthopaedics, the presence of a lateral shift is associated with a poor prognosis; however, a manual correction method devised by McKenzie is claimed to produce rapid reversal of the deformity and reduction in pain.

This single-case report presents the details of the McKenzie Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment MDT management of a major right-sided lateral shift, which includes the manual correction technique, self-correction and management, prophylaxis, pain ablation, and rehabilitation to a high level of athletic function, with longterm follow-up at 9 months.

The lateral shift is widely accepted as being associated with disc pathology, but the exact mechanism of shift production remains speculative.

Hypotheses include muscle spasm, avoidance of irritation of a spinal nerve, and space-occupying or space-deficient disc mechanics.


The hypotheses used to explain the lateral shift phenomena are discussed. Investigations into complementary and alternative medicine CAM approaches to address stress, depression, and anxiety of those experiencing chronic pain are rare.

The objective of this pilot study was to assess the value of a structured massage therapy program, with a focus on myofascial trigger points, on psychological measures associated with tension-type headache.

Participants were enrolled in an open-label trial using a baseline control with four 3-week phases: Eighteen subjects with episodic or chronic tension-type headache were enrolled and evaluated at 3-week intervals using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, and the Perceived Stress Scale.

The Daily Stress Inventory was administered over 7-day periods during baseline and the final week of massage. Twice weekly, minute massage therapy sessions commenced following the baseline phase and continued for 6 weeks.


A significant improvement in all psychological measures was detected over the timeframe of the study. Post hoc evaluation indicated improvement over baseline for depression and trait anxiety following 6 weeks of massage, but not 3 weeks.

A reduction in the number of events deemed stressful as well as their respective impact was detected. This pilot study provides evidence for reduction of affective distress in a chronic pain population, suggesting the need for more rigorously controlled studies using massage therapy to address psychological measures associated with TTH.

The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of applying joint mobilization at symptomatic and asymptomatic cervical levels in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain.

Forty-eight patients aged between 18 and 65 years and presenting non-specific neck pain with a minimum duration of 3 months were recruited for the study. Included patients were randomized to one of two treatment groups:Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product.

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