I went fishing for some sea bass. The bass line of the song is too weak. To people who understand English, the first sentence is using the word " bass fish ", as in the former sense above and in the second sentence, the word " bass instrument " is being used as in the latter sense below. Developing algorithms to replicate this human ability can often be a difficult task, as is further exemplified by the implicit equivocation between " bass sound " and " bass instrument ".
It is imputed and is mediated by concept or designation. Ogden and RichardsHow is this concept formed?
A person observes different objects of the extralinguistic world and marks different occurrences of the referent. He compares the similar and contrasting features of this referent with those of the other referents.
This enables him to make abstractions and form a general idea or concept of the thing in his mind. When a person sees a cat at the first occasion he may not know what to call it. But when he sees it again and again, he finds that it has certain characteristics, it mews, it drinks milk, it has a long tail etc.
These characteristics of the 'referent' make the speaker form a concept of its picture in his mind.
He compares them with similar other 'things' with the same characteristics. He understands that all referents having these characteristics are animals. The association of the linguistic form cat with the thing of the above description makes him understand that this particular animal is a cat.
In formation of this idea he first observes the general features and then specific features. We may take another example. When one sees a chair repeatedly he discovers certain qualities or features associated with it.
He finds that it has four legs, it is used for sitting, it has a backrest and it usually not always has hands. He associates these features with the linguistic form chair by hearing it and concludes that all things having these characteristics are chairs.
These features are different from those of a stool, a table, or a cot, all pieces of furniture, sharing some features with chair and not sharing some others. On the basis of these features the person forms the concept of the referent in his mind.
These features are, thus, crucial or criterial for the formation of the concept. Every word has a bundle of such features which in their totality are crucial for the determination of the meaning of a word.
It is not only the presence of these features which is crucial for the determination of the meaning even their absence is equally crucial. So this is a positive or plus feature. But whereas man has the feature of adult child does not have it.
In the latter case adult is a negative or minus feature See It is clear from the foregoing discussions that meaning is an abstraction or generalization based on the semantic feature of the events or things.
The notion of abstraction is not confined to the objects which have actual and concrete referents in the extra-linguistic world only but extends to cover such fictitious and imaginary referents as unicorn, fairy etc.
Some other classes of lexical units like attitudinal symptoms like hallo, Hindi are, Skt. Hale 'o', pragmatic operators like please, deictic markers H. These lexical units, although they do not have actual referents in the extra-linguistic world, are comparable to them in that they either carry the information comparable to that conveyed by the denotative words, or they stand for them as yah 'this' vah 'that or denote the relational functions which make the communication possible.lexical based approach A lexical based attack is followed.
in which the information set is tested against two di?erent vocabularies [ 2 ].
Each reappraisal in the information set is classi?ed based on the deliberate mark for adjectival and adverb presence. A Fall-back Strategy for Sentiment Analysis in Hindi: a Case Study approach for resource-based sentiment analysis where we create a lexical resource based on SentiWordNet (Esuli and Sebastiani, ).
needed to analyze the sentiment content in Hindi. The approach tells us how well SA would work if. Approach to Sentiment Analysis of Product Reviews Yulia Otmakhova Computational Linguistics Lab Department of Linguistics Hyopil Shin lexical approach, they tried to augment it by using negation resolution, word meaning disambiguation or hand -crafted rules (Ding, ).
approaches: In -language Sentiment Analysis, Machine Translation and Resource Based Sentiment Analysis. They developed a lexical resource, Hindi SentiWordNet (HSWN) based on its English format. By using two lexical resources (English SentiWordNet and English -Hindi WordNet Linking) H -SWN (Hindi -SentiWordNet) was created by them.
Seminal work in sentiment analysis of Hindi text was done by Joshi et al. () in which the authors built three step fallback model based on classication, machine translation and sentiment lexicons. Jul 31, · An Online Tagalog - English Dictionary Learn Tagalog or Filipino Language for free.