Contact Us Community-Based Forest Management and Reforestation Community-based forest management is about enabling communities to take charge of managing areas they have traditionally used but which have come under threat from deforestation, reallocation of forest land to industrial cropping and land encroachment along ownership boundaries. World Vision builds capacity in communities to understand and protect community land rights and to establish sustainable land management of protected areas.
Abstract Objectives The aim of this systematic review of randomised controlled trials RCTs and controlled trials non-RCTs, NRCTs is to investigate the effectiveness and related costs of case management CM for patients with heart failure HF predominantly based in the community in reducing unplanned readmissions and length of stay LOS.
Setting CM initiated either while as an inpatient, or on discharge from acute care hospitals, or in the community and then continuing on in the community.
Intervention CM based on nurse coordinated multicomponent care which is applicable to the primary care-based health systems. Primary and secondary outcomes Primary outcomes of interest were unplanned re admissions, LOS and any related cost data. Secondary outcomes were primary healthcare resources.
Results 22 studies were included: Hospital-initiated CM reduced readmissions rate ratio 0. Conclusions Hospital-initiated CM can be successful in reducing unplanned hospital readmissions for HF and length of hospital stay for people with HF.
There was limited evidence for community-initiated CM which suggested it does not reduce admission. Interventions examine nurse-led multicomponent care of patients with heart failure. Focus on use of resources specific to heart failure. Community-initiated case management trials were limited in quantity and were mostly of low quality.
Lack of cost data in most trials. Introduction Applying current prevalence figures to population estimates suggests that more than individuals more than men and slightly fewer than women in the UK are living with heart failure HF. Methods Search Databases and registries A search strategy was developed using keywords for the electronic databases according to their specific subject headings or searching structure.
All authors of included studies in the field were contacted with data queries and to identify additional relevant studies. Eligibility criteria Randomised controlled trials RCTs and other controlled studies non-RCTs, NRCTs; controlled trials, controlled before and after studies, analytic cohorts, comparative studies were included as determined by our eligibility criteria.
We were aware from our previous work that not all community-based studies were randomised and felt it was important to be more inclusive in order to understand why CM may work for HF. CM interventions needed to be initiated either while as an inpatient or on discharge from acute care hospitals including the emergency department EDor in the community, and then continue on in the community.
Only studies including adults with HF in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD countries were included as the outcomes were more likely to be comparable for synthesis, and relevant to the UK situation.
Other outcomes of interest were primary healthcare resources, for example, general practitioner visits, visits to other primary care health professionals or services and prescriptions.
Studies written in any language were considered if there was an English abstract available. Reference management and study selection EndNote and Excel were used to manage the references. Duplicates were removed from the EndNote file.
References underwent a two-stage process of screening using the inclusion and exclusion criteria by two reviewers independently ALH, AK, RJ.
First, a screen of titles and abstracts if abstract available and second screening of the full paper was conducted. Where there was continued disagreement between reviewers about including or excluding a paper, a third reviewer made the final decision SP or RJ.
In addition to the included quantitative intervention papers, we identified relevant reviews from the search.
Any potentially relevant conference proceedings were followed up, first by searching in MEDLINE to see if the study had been published. If the study was not published, the authors were contacted where possible to check if the studies were likely to be published within the work frame of this review.
Data extraction and assessment of risk of bias Data were extracted into a custom-designed table which included description of trial type, participants, intervention, controls, outcome measures and results.
Based on the Kings Fund definition of CM, we devised taxonomy of intervention components 8 table 1.The impact of community forestry has fueled the production of wood, timber, fodder and organic matter and non-timber forest products (NTFP) while increasing forest cover and protecting the watershed, resulting in higher discharges of water.
Community-based forest management (CBFM) constitutes “a powerful paradigm that evolved out of the failure of state forest governance to ensure the sustainability of forest resources and the equitable distribution of access to and benefits from them”.
Community-based forest management is about enabling communities to take charge of managing areas they have traditionally used but which have come under threat from deforestation, reallocation of forest land to industrial cropping and land encroachment along ownership boundaries.
Looking from this perspective would be essential to understand how has the lack of clear (which accommodate the community's perspective and knowledge on ecosystem) forest governance policies led to the success or failure of .
Abstract. Nepal’s community forestry is considered as one of the popular model of decentralization in natural resource management.
The program encompasses a set of policy and instrumental innovations that were especially designed to empower the local livelihoods through the proper management and utilization of forest products.
We have a community forest management plan in place (included in the appendix) dollar value of the annual benefits provided by our community trees, based on our [tree canopy] [street trees] assessment, is $_____ Community Forest Planning: EAB PART I. FOREST RESOURCE Page 6.